aim of the course is to familiarize students with the logic, norms,
possible applications, and opportunities of academic texts and work.
The course is composed of two classes: a weekly organized lecture and a
weekly organized seminar. Throughout the lecture the students will get
a complex picture about the theoretical principles on which scientific
research is based. They will also see how these principles are
reflected in the established techniques for doing research. And
finally, they will be prepared to make appropriate compromises whenever
field conditions do not permit the routine application of established
techniques. However, the course of Research Methodology is useful not
only for PhD students and scholars but for everyone who wants to make a
professional work on a subject. If you are familiar with academic
standards, your way of thinking and your performance may be more
professional. Why? Anacademic essay, thesis, or research project should
demonstrate that its author(s) has
- a critical, perceptive and constructive analysis of the subject;
- skills in the gathering and analysis of information and report presentation;
- surveyed literature relevant to the topic;
- carried out original and significant work in a field.
the end of the course students will develop a research paper defending
their opinion on an academic topic. They will demonstrate the ability
to properly organize a paper, conduct academic research, synthesize
their ideas, and correctly cite sources.
Below, I list the main topics to be covered during
I. Introduction: The scientific way of thinking
- Scientific Orientation
- What Does It Mean to Be Scientific?
- IR as Interdisciplinary Study
- Make a difference: Science and Technology, Science and Ideology
II. On Research
- Research: From Idea to Theory/Paper
- Research Types And Their Purposes
- On Research Question
III. Literature Review
- Why Literature Review?
- Exploration of Sources
- Source Criticism
- How to make a Literature Review?
- On Conceptualisation
- On Operationalisation
V. The ”Methodology” of Data
- From Concepts to Measurement
- Validity and Reliability
- The Coding of Data
- Beyond our study…. Selection Issues and Big Data
VI. Research Design
- Theories and Explanations
- The forms of Explanation
- Types of Research Design
VII. Relevant research methods
- Historical Research
- Deductive-Analytic method
- Comparative Research and Case Studies
- Textual Analysis
- Quantitative Analysis
József Zoltán Málik: Research Methodology (Master). Budapest: Metropolian University, 2019. (in pdf version)
- Some articles that demonstrate different research methods (c.f. Lecture Notes):
- Historical Research Methods:
- James Liu - Denis Hilton: How the past weighs on the present: Social representations of history and their role in identity politics. British Journal of Social Psychology, 44, 2005.
- Timothy Snyder: On Tyranny. Twenty Lessons from the Twentieth Century. New York: Tim Duggan Books, 2017.
- Example for using Deductive-Analytic Method:
- Comparative Method:
- Content Analysis:
- Make a presentation with some (cc. 3-10) slides, just follow the instructions below:
up a research topic and present it briefly.
a research question and justify why you posed the question.
is it worthy of attention?
and explain a concept, typology, or an ideal type related to your chosen topic. Develop
two hypothesesPresent an appropriate Research Design/Methods.Create an annotated bibliography using at least 2 resources.
- Some aspects: theoretically significance, practical relevance, originality.
a Literature Review that is based on your presentation.
- You can download a template
here in doc for MicrosoftOfficeWord and here in odt for
- Here you can find some samples: Sample1, Sample2, Sample3, Sample4
(These were made by some ex-students of this course who got high points
of their awesome works. In favour of anonymity, the names were deleted,
- There will be a written exam at
the exam period, which will contain some questions covering the whole
of the course.